Muscles, in the course of their work, use oxygen and nutrients and produce carbon dioxide and waste products. The principle waste product of muscle metabolism is called lactic acid. Nutrients and wastes are transported to and from muscles by the blood circulation. The efficiency of this transport system is dependent upon good blood flow. Poor blood flow causes an accumulation of lactic acid in muscles, producing stiffness and soreness.
There are many types and causes of muscle pain, but all of us are familiar with the stiff achy feeling of a muscle that is reacting to an unusual level of exercise, a chronic strain or build-up of stress related tension. This achy feeling is caused by the development of lactic acid residues in the muscle tissue, compounded by the fact that a tight muscle clamps down on its blood supply and impedes drainage.
How can massage help? Massage acts on the tight achy muscle in several ways. It helps relax tension and spasms, and promotes the release of lactic acid from the tissue. This relaxing action automatically enhances circulation, which increases the rate of blood flow to and from the area and helps promote healing.
What can you do to prevent sore Muscles?
Stretch before and after physical activity
Lift with your legs, not your back
Avoid twisting your back when lifting and moving
Drink lots of water to help prevent dehydration & flush lactic acid from your system
Change positions regularly
Relax in an Epsom salt bath after physical activity or exercising